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Crusades and Culture of the Middle Ages

Teacher: Katie
The ********** became especially well known for their roles as examiners of people suspected of heresy.
About six years after the death of *******, Pope Innocent III initiated the Fourth Crusade.
******* plague was the most common form of the Black Death.
***** was the universal language of medieval civilization.
The struggle between Henry IV and Gregory VII was known as the Investiture ***********.
The ****** cathedral remains one of the greatest artistic triumphs of the High Middle Ages.
Territories in central Italy came to be known as the ***** States.
Famine may have led to chronic ************ and in turn to higher susceptibility to disease during the Black Death.
These are bones or other objects connected with saints; they are considered to be worthy of worship by the faithful.
Female *************** found convents a haven for their activities. Most learned women of the Middle Ages, especially in Germany, were nuns.
The development of a strong French state was greatly advanced by King ***** XI, who ruled from 1461 to 1483.
Lay *********** is the practice by which secular rulers both chose nominees to church offices and gave them the symbols of their office.
The flying ******** is a heavy, arched support of stone built onto the outside of a cathedral's wall.
An interdict forbids priests from giving the ********** (Christian rites) of the Church to a particular group of people.
An annual direct tax, usually on land or property, that provided a regular source of income for the French monarchy.
******* believed that truths arrived at through reason or faith could not conflict with each other.
The denial of basic Church doctrines.
The ******* Years' War was the most violent struggle during the late Middle Ages.
This is a written or oral defamatory statement or representation that conveys an unjustly unfavorable impression.
The Church created a court called the ***********, or Holy Office, to deal with heretics.
Lasting from 1378 to 1417, the Great ****** divided Europe.
In 1492, Ferdinand and ******** took the drastic step of expelling from Spain all Jews who did not convert.
The *********** were strict; they ate a simple diet and each had only a single robe. They took their religion to the people outside the monastery.
"Unbelievers"--a term applied to Muslims by Christians during the Crusades.
A medieval philosophical and theological system that tried to reconcile faith and reason.
By the early 1400s, the Church had lost much of its ********* power.
The *********** were founded by Francis of Assisi.
****** rejected the pope's position and sent French forces to Italy to bring Boniface back to France for trial.
This means to advance or move along a course.
In 1187, ********* fell to Muslim forces under Saladin.
********** churches normally followed the basilica shape of churches built in the late Roman Empire.
Some ********** argued that to fight the Muslims while the Jews, whom they blamed for Jesus' death, ran free, was unthinkable.
The first widespread attacks on the **** began in the context of the Crusades.
The ******** started when the Byzantine emperor Alexius I Comnenus asked for help against the Seljuk Turks.
Usually the path of the Black Death followed ***** routes.
******* of Clairvaux wrote, "Will you cast pearls before swine?"
The ****** Turks were Muslims who had taken control of Asia Minor.
The Concordant of ***** involved a compromise made in 1122 between a new German king and a new pope.
King Louis XI was known as the ****** because of his devious ways.
Joan of Arc carried this to inspire her troops.