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3.1 & 3.2 Vocabulary Review

Teacher: Mrs. Snodgrass
Across
the position of a gene on the chromosome
an open access database, annotated collection of all publicly available nucleotide sequences and their protein translations.
a genetic mutation, caused by a deletion or insertion in a DNA sequence, that shifts the way the sequence is read (2 words, no space)
the pair of chromosomes responsible for determining the sex of an individual.
a peptide, such as a small protein, containing many molecules of amino acids, typically between 10 and 100.
one of the possible alternatives of a gene, occupying a specific position on a chromosome, that controls the same trait
the order of nucleotide bases in a DNA molecule (2 words, no blank)
an international scientific research project to determine the sequence of chemical base pairs that make up human DNA, and to identify and map all of the genes of humans (3 words, no spaces)
technique that relies on the emission of radioactive particles from within the subject to produce an image
the DNA of a prokaryote in the circular chromosome.
region of the chromosome that becomes attached to the spindle fibres during cell division.
Cells that have one chromosome of each pair (have one full set of the chromosomes that are found in its species)
the addition by mutation of one or more nucleotides to a chromosome.
treating (specimens for the microscope) with a reagent or dye that makes certain structures visible without affecting others.
he DNA in prokaryotic cells that is not associated with proteins
Down
a structure within the cell that bears the genetic material as a thread-like linear
a method of organizing the chromosomes of a cell in relation to number, size, and type.
globular proteins associated to chromosomes in eukaryotic cells.
an autosomal recessive anaemia due to substitution of a single amino acid (valine for glutamic acid) characterized by red blood cell becoming sickle-shaped and non-functional. (2 words, no space)
shows the chromosomes of an organism in homologous pairs of decreasing length
a non-essential amino acid, occurring in proteins, that is replaced by valine in cases of sickle cell anaemia (2 words, no space)
eplicated forms of a chromosome joined together by the centromere and eventually separated during mitosis or meiosis. (2 words, no space)
the total genetic material of an organism
human genetic syndrome resulting from having an extra chromosome 21
the process of copying of DNA into messenger RNA in gene expression.
a hereditary unit consisting of a sequence of DNA that occupies a specific location on a chromosome and determines a particular characteristic in an organism
chromosome pairs with genes for the same characteristics at corresponding loci.
an essential amino acid occurring in proteins that replaces glutamic acid in cases of sickle cell anaemia
mutation with the exchange of a single nucleotide for another in the DNA sequence of a gene.
a type of chromosomal aberration in which a segment of the chromosome is removed or lost.
a change of the DNA sequence within a gene or chromosome of an organism that results in the creation of a new character or trait not found in the parental type
Cells that have nuclei containing two sets of chromosomes (2n), one set from each parent