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Chapter 20 Vocabulary

Teacher: Robert M. Richardson - Law Education
in a tort suit, a finding that the plaintiff was partly at fault and, therefore, does not deserve full compensation for his or her injuries. For example, if an accident was 40 percent the plaintiff's fault, the plaintiff's damages are reduced by 40 percent
the reason an event occurs; that which produces an effect. One of the four elements that must be proven in a negligence case, causation is subdivided into cause in fact and proximate cause.
the idealized standard of how a community expects its members to act. It is based on how much care a person of ordinary prudence would exercise in a particular situation.
the injuries or losses suffered by one person due to the fault of another
injury a person could reasonably predict. For instance, a person who leaves a banana peel on the floor could reasonably predict that someone might slip on the peel, fall, and break a bone. If this happens, the broken bone is a foreseeable harm.
a claim made by a defendant against the plaintiff in a civil lawsuit
a legal defense in which it is determined that the plaintiff and defendant share the fault for a negligence tort. If proven, the plaintiff cannot recover damages.
a legal defense to a negligence tort, whereby the plaintiff is considered to have voluntarily accepted a known risk of danger
one of the elements a plaintiff must prove in order to establish causation in a negligence suit. It means that if the harm would not have occurred without the wrongful act, the act is the cause in fact.
in negligence law, this concept limits damages the defendant must pay to only those harms that are reasonably predictable consequences of the defendant's wrongful acts.
the conditions that make an act unlawful
the violation of a law, duty, or other form of obligation, including obligations formed through contracts or warranties, either by engaging in an action or failing to act
a legal obligation