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UNITS 1 & 2 VOCABULARY REVIEW

Across
Transmission capacity measure by bit rate
A group of computers and servers that are connected to each other.
A new or improved idea, device, product, etc, or the development thereof
short for Domain Name System, this system translates domain names (like example.com) to IP addresses (like 93.184.216.34)
An easy-to-remember address for calling a web page (like www.code.org).
the RGB color model uses varying intensities of (R)ed, (G)reen, and (B)lue light are added together in to reproduce a broad array of colors.
a data compression algorithm that allows the original data to be perfectly reconstructed from the compressed data.
A type of computer that forwards data across a network
HyperText Transfer Protocol - the protocol used for transmitting web pages over the Internet
A base-16 number system that uses sixteen distinct symbols 0-9 and A-F to represent numbers from 0 to 15.
Time it takes for a bit to travel from its sender to its receiver.
short for "picture element", the fundamental unit of a digital image, typically a tiny square or dot that contains a single point of color of a larger image.
(or irreversible compression) a data compression method that uses inexact approximations, discarding some data to represent the content. Most commonly seen in image formats like .jpg.
Down
A contraction of "Binary Digit"; the single unit of information in a computer, typically represented as a 0 or 1
the principle that all Internet traffic should be treated equally by Internet Service Providers.
A number assigned to any item that is connected to the Internet.
a simplified representation of something more complex. Abstractions allow you to hide details to help you manage complexity, focus on relevant concepts, and reason about problems at a higher level.
a problem solving approach (algorithm) to find a satisfactory solution where finding an optimal or exact solution is impractical or impossible.
having multiple backups to ensure reliability during cases of high usage or failure
A way of representing information using only two options.
A set of rules governing the exchange or transmission of data between devices.
American Standard Code for Information Interchange; the universally recognized raw text format that any computer can understand
(sometimes written bit rate) the number of bits that are conveyed or processed per unit of time. e.g. 8 bits/sec.
is data that describes other data. For example, a digital image may include metadata that describe the size of the image, number of colors, or resolution.
Internet Engineering Task Force - develops and promotes voluntary Internet standards and protocols, in particular the standards that comprise the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP).
Transmission Control Protocol - provides reliable, ordered, and error-checked delivery of a stream of packets on the internet. TCP is tightly linked with IP and usually seen as TCP/IP in writing.
A type of data used for graphics or pictures.
Small chunks of information that have been carefully formed from larger chunks of information.