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Ch 17 Climate Sections 1-3, 8th Grade

The area between 23.5°N latitude and 23.5°S latitude receives the most solar energy. This region is called the ________ zone.
__________ deserts tend to have much colder nights than tropical deserts. (337)
In contrast, _______ describes the average weather conditions in a region over a long period of time.
Evergreen trees called _______, such as pine and spruce, are the main plants that grow in the taiga. (339)
Some trees in temperate forests lose their leaves each winter. These trees are called ___________ trees. (336)
________ is the height of an area above sea level.
_________ winds are winds that blow mainly in one direction.
The ______ ______ is located between 66.5° and 90° north and south latitudes, near the North and South Poles.
A ____________ is the climate of a small area.
The sizes and shapes of the land-surface features of a region form its _________. (327)
The ______ has long, cold winters and short, cool summer. (338)
Temperate ________ have warm summers and very cold winters. (336)
Seasons happen because Earth is tilted on its ______ by about 23.5°. (326)
_________ is the condition of the atmosphere at a certain time.
_______ currents are paths of flowing water found near the surface of the ocean.
Earth has ______ major climate zones: tropical, temperate, and polar. (329)
Remember that the _________ of an area is its distance north or south of the equator.
Other trees, called _________, do not lose all of their leaves at once. (336)
A large area with a certain climate and types of organisms is called a _______.
A ________ is an area that receives less than 25 cm of rainfall per year. Deserts are the driest places on Earth. (333)
_________ regions have cool, wet winters and hot, dry summers. (337)
The climate zone between the tropical and the polar zones is the __________ zone. This zone extends from about 23.5° to about 66.5° north or south latitudes.
Tropical _____ _______ are warm and wet. (332)
Latitudes closer to the ______ tend to have colder climates. (325)
Tropical ________, or grasslands, contain tall grasses and a few trees. (332)
In the summer, only the top meter of soil thaws out. Below this depth is a permanently frozen layer called __________. (338)
Mountains can also affect precipitation. As air rises to move over a mountain, it cools. The cool air condenses, forming clouds. Precipitation may fall. This process causes the _____-________ effect. (327)
______ forms when air moves from areas of high pressure to areas of low pressure. (326)
______ biomes are found just south of tundra biomes in the Northern Hemisphere. (339)
Temperate ______ tend to have high amounts of rainfall and large seasonal temperature differences. (336)
Most places in the United States have four _______ during the year. (326)
Latitude affects temperature because latitude determines how much direct ______ energy an area gets. (325)