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History of Law Enforcement

Teacher: Greg Alexander
In 1829, English Parliament mandated a publicly funded police force throughout England.
A system that used political power to hire supporters and fire those considered disloyal. This led to a period of incompetent, corrupt, and disliked police force.
The Greek word that “police” is derived from.
1970’s to the present: the period when it was advocated for law enforcement to move away from the crime-fighting focus of law enforcement towards a greater emphasis on maintaining order and providing service to the community
Ten “tithings” were grouped together to form a hundred, and these consolidated groups were called shires
Local level individuals who assisted the shire reeve and organized posses to chase and apprehend criminals
A form of community policing instituted by King William in 1066.
A London magistrate who, in 1748, formed a group of law enforcement agents to apprehend criminals and recover stolen property from the entertainment district. They were called the “Bow Street Runners.”
1840’s to 1920’s: the period when police agencies were first established to provide a unified law enforcement force in the major American cities
Established the first recorded police organization in Egypt around 1340 B.C.
In the Frankpledge System, every male over twelve years of age was required to form a group of ten families called
Another name for the “bobbies” because of Sir Robert Peel’s influence in creating the force
Wanted to take law enforcement out of politics, introduce modern technology to make law enforcement more efficient, and establish police administrative boards that were responsible for appointing police administrators and controlling police affairs
The most visible representatives of the criminal justice system;
The top law enforcement official, who was the forerunner of the American sheriff
Entrusted to serve and protect the public, and to control and prevent crime
A member of the English Parliament in 1829, who led the mandating of a publicly funded police force throughout England via the London Metropolitan Police Act. He advocated the 12 principles of policing.
A student of Vollmer’s who advocated for law enforcement agencies to employ technological advances, such as motorized patrols, effective radio communications, and rapid response to aid effective crime fighting
Was known as the most famous police reformer in the early part of the twentieth century. He believed the police should be a professional force.
In 1326, the shire reeve was replaced with the office of the justice of the peace.
In England, the night watch system provided citizens with protection from crime. During times of duress, the men on watch would raise the hue and cry to summon assistance from the citizens of the community or, in the case of a larger community, from others already on watch. The watch standers were equipped with various signaling devices, including bells, ratchets, and rattles.
1920’s to 1970’s: the period when there was a call for the establishment of measures to assist law enforcement agencies to improve their effectiveness and become more professional