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Post WWII & Cold War

____ Boom -many countries around the globe, notably those of Europe, Asia, North America, and Australasia experienced a baby boom. By the end of the decade, about 32 million babies had been born, compared with 24 million in the lean 1930s. In 1954, annual births first topped four million and did not drop below that figure until 1965, when four out of ten Americans were under the age of twenty
____ migration - Between 1940 and 1960, 40 million Americans moved to the suburbs, one of the largest mass migrations in history. In the postwar years, many African Americans and other minorities moved to the cities in search of jobs.
_____ Doctrine - 1947 policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology, mainly helped Greece and Turkey
____ Conference - First major meeting between the Big Three (United States, Britain, Russia) at which they planned the 1944 assault on France and agreed to divide Germany into zones of occupation after the war
Once controlled by Japan, _____was divided along the 38th parallel into two countries after the Second World War. The Soviet Union supported North Korea and established a communist government there. The United States provided aid to noncommunist South Korea -
____Curtain speech - The term Iron Curtain term popularized by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill to describe the Soviet Union's policy of isolation during the Cold War. The Iron Curtain isolated Eastern Europe from the rest of the world. Its most poignant symbol was the Berlin Wall
American _____ - Hosted by Dick Clark started airing in 1957, was a televised showcase of rock 'n' roll hits in which a live audience danced to recorded music. This spread of popularity of rock and made the host one of the best known figures among young Americans
____ Blockade - The blockade was a Soviet attempt to starve out the allies in Berlin in order to gain supremacy. The blockade was a high point in the Cold War, and it led to the Berlin Airlift.
He succeeded Stalin as head of the Soviet Communist Party and became the Soviet premier; pledged to bury the U. S. He was leader during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Also famous for denouncing Stalin and allowed criticism of Stalin within Russia
Aconym for a military alliance established by the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty on 4 April 1949. The organization establishes a system of collective security whereby its member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party. US is major part o this.
He was in charge of UN forces in Korea 1950-51, before being forced to relinquish command by President Truman. Truman relieved General MacArthur of his commands after MacArthur made public statements which contradicted the administration's policies
____Conference - July 26, 1945 Allied leaders Truman, Stalin and Churchill met in Germany to set up zones of control
____ Retaliation "- defense policy of the Eisenhower administration of the 1950's was to threaten "massive retaliation" with nuclear weapons in response to any act of aggression by a potential enemy; it advocated the full use of American nuclear weapons to counteract even a Soviet ground attack in Europe
_____Conference - 1945 meeting between Churchill, Stalin, and Roosevelt in which the leaders discussed plans for the post-war world. Stalin agreed to join the fight with Japan 90 days after the war in Europe was over. Stalin also promised to allow free elections in Eastern Europe. The breaking of this promise led in part to the Cold War.
____ Presley - United States rock singer whose many hit records and flamboyant style greatly influenced American popular music
_____ Conservatism - Eisenhower's philosophy of being liberal in all things human and being conservative with all things fiscal. Appealed to both Republicans and Democrats.
____ Telegram - sent by created by George Kennan, it advised the Truman administration that the Soviets could not be dealt with as a normal government and proposed the policy of containment
____ Pact - Eastern European alliance, Soviet version of NATO
In 1947, William Levitt used mass production techniques to build inexpensive homes in suburban New York to help relieve the postwar housing shortage. ____ became a symbol of the movement to the suburbs in the years after WWII.
First artificial Earth satellite, it was launched by Moscow in 1957 and sparked U.S. fears of Soviet dominance in technology and outer space. It led to the creation of NASA and the space race
____ and Cover - Schoolchildren practiced crawling under their desks and putting their hands over their heads to protect themselves from an atomic bomb attack.
. Military Industrial _____- Eisenhower first coined this phrase when he warned American against it in his last State of the Union Address. He feared that the combined lobbying efforts of the armed services and industries that contracted with the military would lead to excessive Congressional spending.
___ Woods - Woods - Meeting of Western allies to establish a postwar international economic order to avoid crises like the one that spawned World War II. Led to the creation of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank
____ Highway System - an accomplishment of the Eisenhower administration, authorized $25 billion for a ten- year project that built over 40,000 miles of interstate highways. This was the largest public works project in American history. It was passed on the grounds of national defense, claiming that it would be easier to mobilize an army with better highways. Also proposed as emergency landing strips for aircraft. Impact created jobs, growth, or suburbs, more homogeneous culture (white flight)
Acronym for - National Aeronautics and Space Administration created in 1958 to help develop technology such as missiles and space exploration.--> space race.
______ Plan - A plan that the US came up with to revive war-torn economies of Europe. This gave approximately $12.5 billion in aid to European countries. This aid helped them "jump start" their economics and resist Soviet communism.
The State of ______declared independence on May 14, 1948 and was established after well over a millennia of Jewish dispersal and 50 years of Zionist endeavors