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Māori plant names crossword


Across
A popular food tree for kererū and other birds for its bright orange-red fruit. (12)
A pliable woody climbing vine, used for binding and tying fences, baskets, nets and traps. (6)
A sun-loving small tree with sandpapery narrow leaves that are bright green or sometimes reddish. The fruit are winged capsules which turn brown when dry and ripe. (6)
The endangered giant of the forest. (5)
A tidal mud lover that gives its name to Pollen Island in the Waitematā. (6)
A coastal tree that has light green foliage with pale dots, toxic to mozzies, sandflies and livestock. Also the first name of a famous NZ crime writer. (5)
A perennial herb and useful coloniser of cleared ground. Also a tree closely related to 24 Down. (6)
Kāmahi's smaller northern cousin. (5)
Known as the "wire-netting bush", this tough tree has dense interlaced foliage, small bright yellow flowers and red berries. It is sometimes used as hedging. (7)
A major canopy tree that was once abundant in the Waitākere and Hunua Ranges. It has large purple berries with a tough nutty kernel. Māori made spears up to 10 metres long from the white timber. (4)
A fast-growing tree whose common English name comes from its distinctive pale bark. Its fallen toothed leaves can form perfect skeletons on the forest floor. (5)
A small tree that has hand-shaped leaves with 7-10 finger leaflets on a long stalk. (4)
A deadly shrub and anathema to beekeepers. (4)
A very important plant for Māori with many different uses. Several weaving varieties have been planted on Maungawhau. (8)
The southernmost, hardiest and only member of its family in NZ, often planted as a grove. Its tender rito or heart is a succulent delicacy, but its removal kills the plant. (5)
The northern species usually starts life as a perching seedling that sends down roots and eventually engulfs its host tree. The southern species starts from a seed in the ground. (4)
Don't tangle with this guy out of court! (9)
A spicy painkiller. (8)
The lightest wood of all NZ plant species, used by Māori as floats for fishing nets and marker buoys. (4)
A hardy tree that makes a mean brew. (6)
A native grass that thrives in low-fertility soils and once covered the maunga. (6)
Down
A fast-growing small tree with edible dark berries. Its toothed leaves are often a purplish-pink colour on the underside. (8)
Distinguished by its large glossy leaves. In lava forest it is a spreading shrub; in most forests it grows as an epiphyte or vine. (4)
A tall forest free whose fruit make kākapo broody and is essential for their survival. (4)
An iconic tree misnamed in English for its supposed resemblance to a leafy green vegetable. (7)
A canopy tree with veined leathery leaves and large, plum-like dark purple fruit. Seed dispersal is almost entirely dependent on kererū, one of the few remaining bird species capable of swallowing the large berries. (7)
A common street tree that produces the finest oil known to Māori, used in perfumes and as a much prized body and hair oil. (6)
A bushy tree with greyish oval leaves and clusters of small dark red flowers. The fruit are large green capsules that split open to display black seeds, which birds disperse far and wide. (4)
A reliquary tree whose massive buttress roots hold it high in the forest canopy. (7)
The spiny burrs of this ground-covering herb are a scourge to sheep and socks. It has become invasive in England, where it arrived on wool exported from NZ. (8)
The most numerous of the rākau rangatira on Maungawhau. (6)
The leaves of this ancient tree morph from long descending "fishbone" ribs when young to broad green leaves in adulthood. (7)
This small tree has showy, sweet-smelling yellow flowers and glossy wavy-edged leaves that exude a lemony scent when crushed. (6)
A herbaceous rock plant with drooping leaves and white flower spikes. (10)
A "strong man" conifer that grows in kauri forest. Its common English name comes from the shape of its leaves, which are actually flattened stems. (8)
A graceful tree with serrated leaves and masses of white flowers. It takes its English name from the netted fibrous layer just beneath its outer bark. (7)
Wash your hands, wash your hands, wash your hands with my golden yellow flowers! (9)
A small tree or shrub that has speckled reddish-green, wavy-edged leaves and red twigs, reflected in an alternative name for this tree. (5)
A large conifer that can be distinguised from a similar native tree by its curved leaves with green undersides, and its bright pink berries which are irresistible to kererū. (4)