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Ancient Greece

Anatolian rivals of the Mycenaeans; Troy may have been their proxy during Trojan War
Strategic strait once dominated by Troy (1,280's BCE), famously crossed by Xerxes and his army in 480 BCE. Later, during the Peloponnesian War, a Spartan naval victory there spelled doom for Athens in 405 BCE.
Legendary Greek people whose conflict with centaurs was the subject of various "Elgin Marbles" from the Parthenon
Port of Athens, connected to the city by long walls constructed by Themistocles after the Second Persian War
Greek term for general assembly, where (adult male) Athenian citizens voted.
Poetic genre favored by Homer
"The people" in Ancient Greek (language)
Greek poet whose works first appeared in writing in c. 740 BCE, signaling a revival of Greek culture
Spartan-allied Sicilian city-state attacked by Athens in 415
Homer's epic poem about Trojan War
Term meaning "Greece"
Trojan mother whose son was killed by Greeks in Euripides' "The Trojan Women," staged in 416 after the Melian massacre
Their invasion extinguished Mycenaean civilization
Sparta's agricultural slaves, also known as Messenians
Athenian general and historian during Peloponnesian War
Athenian dramatist whose play "The Trojan Women" may have been intended as a critique of the massacre at Melos
Spartan island-colony, attacked by Athens in 416
strait connecting Black Sea to Sea of Marmara; site of modern Turkish city of Istambul
Strategically situated city, commercial rival of the Mycenaeans, attacked and destroyed by them in 1,280's BCE
Island-home of Odysseus, Greek hero of Trojan War whose journey home after the war is described in Homer's Odyssey
405 BCE naval victory which gave Sparta control of Hellespont, allowing the Spartans to starve Athens into submission
Sea between Greece and Turkey (Anatolia); center of the Greek world
480 BCE defeat of Persian fleet by Athenian navy
Narrow coastal passage between Malian gulf and mountains where 300 Spartans under King Leonidas stopped the advance of Xerxes' army for 3 days
Athenian leader beginning in 594 BCE, who created the general assembly (ekklesia) and abolished debt slavery
Athenian leader who created territorial districts to choose civil servants
Greek military formation used to great effect against Persians
Student of Socrates who tried to save him after his trial by bribing his guards and urging him to escape
Legislator who created first Athenian law code in 622 BCE
Priest of Apollo from bk. 1 of Iliad
Peloponnesian neighbors enslaved by Sparta between 743 and 724 BCE; this region of Greece is now famous for the Kalamata olives grown there.
Surrogate or stand-in
Poison drunk by Socrates in 399 after his trial, to carry out the death sentence imposed by Athenian magistrates after his trial
Decisive battle of first Persian War; Athenians and allies defeat Darius' army 26 miles away from Athens
Western coastal region of Anatolia colonized by Greeks when Attica became overcrowed, according to Thucydides. Later the Persians took over, prompting these Greek colonies to rebel, and leading to the Persian Wars
Greek island which gave its name to Athenian-led anti-Persian defense league