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Admin Law Chs 10 and 11, vocab/concept review

Across
Similar to Section 1983 brought against state officials and municipalities, ___ actions are constitutional claims brought directly under the authority of the Constitution against federal employees acting under color of federal law in violation of a person's Constitutional rights.
The purpose of the ___ Act is to protect the privacy rights and interests of individuals.
Another limitation on government tort liability is the doctrine that the government and officials are immune to liability for acts that are owed to the __ generally and no specific duty is owed to an individual.
The Government in the ___ Act is a federal statute that requires that agency meetings be open to the public for observation.
The purpose of the Government in the Sunshine Act is to ensure ___ of government, facilitating democracy and promote an informed citizenry.
The Privacy Act is a federal statute that prohibits the government from disclosing private records or information in its possession regarding ___.
The ___ Act prohibits federal employees from being candidates for a partisan elected office, and prohibits them from raising funds, identifying themselves as government employees while expressing their support for a partisan candidate or issue, using government facilities for expressing support for a partisan candidate or issue, or supporting a partisan candidate or issue while at work.
The Federal ___ Claims Act (1946) gave private parties the right to sue the US in federal court for certain torts committed by persons acting on behalf of the US.
Where absolute immunity does not apply, ___ immunity protects government officials from liability for civil damages so long as their action does not violate clearly established statutory or constitutional rights of which a reasonable person would have known.
Three exceptions to liability are named in the FTCA: Executive functions, [some] intentional torts, and discretionary functions.
Persons sued under Section 1983 may be protected from liability by either absolute or qualified ___.
The ten ___ to the FOIA are: •National defense and foreign policy, •Agency personnel matters, •Disclosures required by other statutes, •Trade secrets and financial information, •Agency memoranda, •Personnel, medical and files containing private information, •Law enforcement records, •Financial institution information, •Geological information regarding wells, •Critical infrastructures (a new post 9/11/01 exemption)
State and federal courts have ___ jurisdiction over Section 1983 claims, meaning that Section 1983 actions can be brought in either.
The three forms of ___ that FOIA provides for are publication, inspection and copying, and production upon request.
Eminent ___ is the authority to take private party for public use. Pursuant to the Fifth Amendment, governments must provide just compensation for taking property, including where the property is not actually taken but its use or value has been so greatly reduced by regulation that the government's regulations act as a taking.
Another limitation on government tort liability is the principle that the government is liable only for acts within one's ___ of government employment.
Down
___ immunity is a doctrine inherited from old England holding that the government is immune or free from liability.
The FOIA and the Privacy Act are both incorporated into the ___.
Judges sued under Section 1983 for judicial acts, prosecutors sued for actions taken in their advocacy role such as appearing in court, and law enforcement officers sued for enforcing court orders and testifying in court, and legislators sued for performing legislative functions, are protected from liability by ___ immunity.
___ damages are not available against localities in a Section 1983 action, but __ damages are available against individuals found to have deprived one of a constitutional right under color of law.
Although persons and municipalities can be liable for claims brought pursuant to Section 1983 for actions based on the locality's policy statement, ordinance, regulation, custom or decision, depriving one of a constitutional right, the federal government and the ___ themselves have no liability for Section 1983 actions.
The exemptions from the Privacy Act are: •___ needed by agency officials to perform their job, •When disclosure is required by the FOIA, •___ routinely used, •___ provided to the census bureau, •Statistics and reporting when individuals are not identified, •___ provided to the National Archives, •Compelling health and safety ___, • ___ provided to Congress or a Congressional committee, •___ provided to the Comptroller General, •___ compelled by court order
___ liability is more limited than personal liability.
Another limitation on federal government tort liability is the principle that the government can legislate limitations on the ___ of damages and that the government is not liable for punitive damages.
The ___ Act gives the US Claims Court jurisdiction over any claim for damages against the US that is founded on the Constitution, statutes, or regulations of the United States.
Section 1983 of the Civil Rights Act of 1871 allows claims to be brought by citizens against persons or municipalities who, while acting under __ of law, caused the plaintiff to be deprived of a right protected under the Constitution or laws of the United States.
The ___ in Government Act of 1978 requires the high ranking federal officials and much of their staffs to file detailed financial statements.
The purpose of the FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT (___), a federal statute, is to make information held by the government available to the public, and thereby ensure an informed citizenry.